THE GOVERNANCE OF RESEARCH
“The report concluded that geoengineering should therefore be researched transparently, responsibly and internationally, whilst also highlighting the complex and serious governance issues that such research raises:
‘the acceptability of geoengineering will depend on social, political and legal issues as much as on scientific and technical factors’
It recommended that the governance challenges of geoengineering should be addressed in more detail, and that the Royal Society should work with international partners to develop norms or a code of practice for research.”
“1. The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential.
This means that the person involved should have legal capacity to give consent; should beso situated as to be able to exercise free power of choice, without the intervention of any element of force, fraud, deceit, duress, over-reaching, or other ulterior form of constraint or coercion; and should have sufficient knowledge and comprehension of the elements of the subject matter involved, as to enable him to make an understanding and enlightened decision…”